Diodes And Rectifiers


Diode ek unidirectional ( ek hi direction me work karne wali device ) hoti hai. Jisme do terminals hote hain ek terminal jo ki positive  hota hai use anode kehte hain aur doosra terminal jo ki negative hota hai use cathode kehte hain. In devices me keval ek hi taraf se current flow hota hai.


Rectifier diodes ki bani hui devices hoti hai jinhe Alternating Current (A.C.) ko Direct Current (D.C.) me badalne ka kaam karte hain. Rectifier mostly teen type ke hote hain:-


1)  Half Wave Rectifier

2)  Full Wave Rectifier

3) Bridge Wave Rectifier

Half Wave Rectifier

    Half Wave Rectifier me keval ek hi diode ka istemal kiya jata hai. Aur ye sirf current ki ek hi cycle i.e. positive cycle me hi current conduct karti hai negative cycle me current conduct nahi karti hai. 

Full Wave Rectifier

   Full Wave Rectifier me do rectifier ka istemal kiya jata hai aur ye A.C. ke dono cycle i.e. negative aur positive dono hi cycles me  kaam karta hai. In rectifiers ka output sine wave ke form me hota hai.

Bridge Wave Rectifier

Is rectifier me chaar diodes ka istemal kiya jata hai. Do anodes ke muh ek  doosre ki taraf aur do cathode ke muh ek doosre ki taraf rakhe jate hain ( jaise ki diagram me hai). Ye rectifier full wave rectifier ki tarah ki kaam karta hai aur iska bhi output sine wave ke form hota hai.Bridge wave rectifier kisi bhi full wave rectifier se double current conduct karte hain.

About Mohd Mustaqeem Siddiqui

You can contact me for any ITI related information and for any query on ITI Electronic or Instrument Mechanic. siddiquemustaqeem@gmail.com

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