INDUCTORS

Wo property kisi A.C. circuit ki jo current values ke change hone ka oppose kare use Inductance kehte hain aur jis device se ye process hoti hai use Inductor kehte hain.

Isko ‘L’ se denote karte hain aur iski unit HENRY (H) hai.

L = N.ø/I

L = Inductance

N = Number of Coils

Ø = Flux

I = Current

Classification of Inductors

1) Fixed Inductor:- Inke inductance ki value fix rehti hai.

i)                Air Core Inductors:-  Jaisa ke iske naam se hi pata chal jata hai ki wo inductors jinka core air ka ho i.e. kisi hollow former material par wire ki winding ki jae use inductors air core inductor kehte hain. Iske inductance ki value bhut kam hoti hai. Ye inductors generally, radio frequency circuits me istemal kiya jata hai.

ii)                Iron Core Inductors:–  Is type ke inductor me Plastic ya Paper ke hollow former par copper wire se winding ki jata hai, aur isme ek magnetic material  is tarah rakha jata ki wo ek magnetic path banae. Isme istemal hone wala core laminated silicon steel ka bana hota hai. Inka istemal generally kam frequency wale circuit me kiya jata hai.


iii)                Ferrite Core Inductors:–  Hysteresis Loss se bachao ke lie Ferrite Core Inductors ka istemal karte hain. Iska istemal high frequency circuits ke lie bhi kiya ja sakta hai.   Inme inductance ki value kam hoti hai.

1)Variable Inductor:Tuned circuits me    mostly   variable inductor istemal kie jate hain.

Iske lie Ferrite Core Variable Inductors ka istemal kiya jata hai.  Isme hollow former ke baahri side copper ki winding ki hoti hai aur iske andar ki side threads (choodiyan) bane hote hain jiski madad se ise ghumakar hollow former ke andar aur baahar kiya ja  sakta hai. Isme inductance rate sabse kam tab hota hai jab core bahar nikli hui hoti hai aur sabse zyada tab hota hai jab core andar ho.

TOROID

Yeh ek special type ka inductor hota hai jisme cylindrical form me ek spherical core hoti hai jisme single ya double ya layerd winding hoti hai. Is tarah ke inductor me inductance rate bhut high hota hai aur isme wire bi kam istemal hota hai.

Mutual Inductance

Do coils ya windings ki wo property jo current ki values me changes ko oppose kare us property ko mutual inductance kehte hain.

Mutual Inductance ko ‘M’ se denote karte hain.

M=√L1L2

M = Mutual Inductance

L1 = First Coil

L2 = Second Coil

Q-Factor:-  Kisi bhi inductor ke reactance aur resistance ke ratio ko uska Q-Factor kehte hain.

Jab Q-factor zyada hoga to inductor me losses kam honge aur jab Q-factor kam hoga to inductor me losses zyada honge.

In series:- ωLs/Rs

In Parallel:- Rp/ωLp

 

About Mohd Mustaqeem Siddiqui

You can contact me for any ITI related information and for any query on ITI Electronic or Instrument Mechanic. siddiquemustaqeem@gmail.com

View all posts by Mohd Mustaqeem Siddiqui →

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